As scientists and researchers from all around the world continue to improve our understanding of cannabis and its properties, a multi-million-dollar industry is growing behind CBD tinctures, edibles and more. However, many users are not aware that the cannabis plant contains thousands of different components, of which CBD and THC are just the most popular ones.
Cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabidiol are the most common cannabinoids in cannabis plants, but they are not the only ones. Full-spectrum CBD products contain tenths and sometimes hundreds of cannabinoids apart from cannabidiol, allowing the “entourage effect” to take place. This term is commonly used in the industry to refer to the way in which different cannabinoids and terpenes work together to provide the most effective results against anxiety, pain and other conditions.
The following three cannabinoids are present in almost every stain of the cannabis plant and have their own therapeutic uses:
1) Cannabigerol (CBG)
After cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabidiol, cannabigerol is the third most common cannabinoids present in the hemp plant. While not as widely available as the first two, this natural component has proven to be particularly effective in the treatment of psychological conditions, inflammatory bowel disease and abnormal intraocular pressure.
A recent study published by Natural Product Communications has found that cannabigerol is effective for the treatment of bladder dysfunctions due to its ability to reduce the frequency and intensity of involuntary bladder contractions. The main way in which CBG can improve your health, however, is by working together with other cannabinoids and terpenes to balance the endocannabinoid system.
CBG does not contain any psychoactive components and is therefore legal across all 50 states of the US and most Western European countries.
2) Cannabichromene (CBC)
Considered the most effective cannabinoid when it comes to fighting cancer and other related diseases, cannabichromene is produced in small amounts by hemp plants. This natural component interacts with the anandamide and allows it to stay longer in the bloodstream.
According to a paper published by the Journal or Pharmacy and Pharmacology, CBC was effective in reducing the spread of cancerous cells in mice during a controlled test. While hemp-derived products have been used for a long time to treat this condition, only recent scientific studies have allowed us to understand which specific cannabinoids are responsible for their effectiveness.
3) Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)
One of the least-known components of the cannabis plant, THCV has proven to be effective in the treatment of many specific conditions. This cannabinoid can supress appetite and help people suffering from obesity and eating disorders. While its name can suggest a similarity to tetrahydrocannabidiol, THC increases appetite and is commonly used to treat anorexia and other related conditions.
Neurological disorders such as anxiety, stress and even Alzheimer´s disease have also shown a positive response to THCV treatments. While further scientific studies are needed to fully understand its mechanisms of action, patients wanting to experience the entire range of benefits that the cannabis components can bring to them can purchase full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD creams, tinctures or edibles either online or through physical dispensaries.